Project coordinator: Sen. Res. II rank E. Roumenina
The intensive industrial and technologic development based on short-term economic growth prospects entangles material risk of unilateral unbalanced use of Earth’s natural resources. Attaching priority to technologic, industrial, infrastructural, and economic factors results in disturbing the territory’s ecological equilibrium and gives rise to various-aspect land-use conflicts, having as their direct consequence natural resource degradation. In the long run, such an unbalanced approach cannot provide for sustainable development at national, regional, or local level. Disbalance in space and time between increasing human needs and decreasing quantity and quality of natural resources and between increasing ecological problems and opportunities to solve them with minimum spending of time and funds is deepening. This calls for development of a number of international programs for landscape sustainable development, particularly after the Conference For Sustainable Development held in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro. The project is devoted to solving topical issues related with the problem for land-use conflicts evaluation, their streamlining, and management. The significance of this topic is also determined by the established all-European approach for preservation and sustainable use of natural resources, embedded in the All-European Strategy for Biological and Landscape Diversity, topic 6: Environment, activity: Sustainable Development of Resources of the EU’s 7th Framework Programme.
Land use conflicts are a complex system phenomenon involving social, economic, ecological, and legal problems. Their analysis and assessment is one of the basic criteria for the territory’s sustainable development. This is a relatively new trend in natural sciences. Land use conflict means a situation, which violates the established norms for environment’s state, damaging or disturbing branch economy or land-use activities, or limiting land-use development.
The basic objective of the proposed project is to design and approbate a geodatabase model for the purposes of large-scale mapping of land-use conflicts caused by mining industry using remote sensing and ground-based data. This objective is based on the hypothesis that, for the needs of sustainable development of a specific territorial unit, all land-use conflict indications caused by mining industry should be represented after a unified classification scale.
The objective of the project implies that the designed geodatabase model be applicable at a local level for the territory of Bulgaria and Greece, providing for its expansion to national and regional level. The designed model will be approbated on the territory of the land of the Novi Iskur District, Metropolitan Municipality, Bulgaria and on the part of the basin of Strymonas (Struma) northeastern from Thessaloniki, Greece.
A study of such complex essence and nature requires the use of data of various type, content, and purpose. A bulk of information obtained from conventional and modern high-technology sources should be collected, processed, analyzed, and summarized, to compose a geographic database for the purposes of the study. In designing the organizational model of the geodatabase, the basic technologies to be applied shall be geoinformation technologies, including GIS and data processing technologies used in remote sensing of the Earth and landscape planning and mapping.
Roumenina, E., N. Silleos, G. Jelev, L. Filchev, L. Kraleva, Designing A Spatial Model of The Dynamics of Land-Use Conflicts Caused by Uranium Mining Industry Using Remote Sensing and Ground-Based Methods. Proceedings, “Space, Ecology, Nanotechnology Safety – SENS’2007” with International Participation, 27-29 June 2007, Varna, Bulgaria p. 179-184. (pdf)
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